Service animals are identified as dogs which are individually trained to do work or perform tasks for individuals with disabilities. Examples of these works or activities include guiding people that are blind, alerting people that are deaf, pulling a wheelchair, alerting and protecting someone who is having a seizure, reminding a individual who has mental illness to take prescribed drugs, calming a individual who has Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) through an anxiety attack, or doing additional obligations. The task or work a dog was trained to supply must be directly about the individual’s handicap. Dogs whose sole role is to offer comfort or emotional aid don’t qualify as service animals under the ADA.
This definition doesn’t affect or restrict the wider definition of “assistance animal” under the Fair Housing Act or the wider definition of “service animal” under the Air Carrier Access Act.
Some local and State laws also define a service animal more widely than the ADA does. Info regarding such laws can be obtained in the State attorney general’s office.