Short information about how to treat glaucoma in dogs
Treatment is dependent upon cause and severity of the glaucoma. The objective of therapy is to restore normal eye pressure (by decreasing fluid creation and/or raising fluid drainage) and also provide pain relief. In the event of secondary glaucoma, the reason for the condition has to be treated too. This might consist of repair of injury, surgical elimination of any nerves, or antibiotics such as disease. If just 1 eye is affected, then steps will be taken to stop glaucoma’s growth from the eye.
Most drugs are topical drops or ointments which will diminish the stress of the eye or treat infection or inflammation. Topicals are frequently administered 3 times each day for a specified time period. Some drugs are oral.
Beta-blockers decrease fluid creation.
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor diuretics decrease fluid production. Corticosteroids will help control inflammation. Mitotic drugs shrink the student to permit fluid release. Prostaglandin analogs can enhance fluid flow in the eye.
There are a number of surgical procedures utilized for the varying levels of seriousness and vision harm:
Cyclophotocoagulation — A laser device destroys the secretory epithelium of the eye’s ciliary body (responsible for fluid creation inside the eye).
Gonioimplantation — A shunt (small tube) is planted to offer a fluid drainage socket.
Enucleation — Entire removal of this world of the eye (eyeball). Used in serious cases or when other treatments are not successful.
Repeat surgeries could be needed depending on the underlying cause and the eye’s response to operation.